The place where the Great War started and ended peace.
This is published out of sequence as we were in Croatia from Monday to Thursday morning then left for Bosnia and we are now back in Croatia.
We left Zadar to Sarajevo, where the Olympics took place in 1984, and the first city in Europe to own an electric tram network.
We saw the street corner where the assassination of the Archduke of Austria in 1914 happened in 1914. Were saw still a lot of damage from the recent Bosnian War. We visited the SARAJEVO TUNNEL, built between 1992 and 1995 during the Bosnian War and returned to Croatia and arrived in Dubrovnik, beautifully situated on a promontory jutting into the Adriatic Sea.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH, and in short often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for 20 kilometres (12 miles) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the city of Neum. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.
Sarajevo is the leading political, social and cultural center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and its region-wide influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts contribute to its status as Bosnia and Herzegovina's biggest and most important economic center.
Although settlement in the area stretches back to prehistoric times, the modern city arose as an Ottoman stronghold in the 15th century. Sarajevo has attracted international attention several times throughout its history. In 1885, Sarajevo was the first city in Europe and the second city in the world to have a full-time electric tram network running through the city, following San Francisco. In 1914, it was the site of the assassination of the Archduke of Austria that sparked World War I. Seventy years later, it hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics. For nearly four years, from 1992 to 1996, the city suffered the longest siege of a city in the history of modern warfare (1,425 days long) during the Bosnian War for independence.
Leaving Split to climb over the Dinearic Alps on our way to Sarajevo
Our lunch stop was at Mostar. This is the Franciscan Church with the bus stop behind it.
The bridge at Mostar was built in the 1550s and was destroyed in the war in 1993 and rebuilt in 2004.
The bridge at Mostar
We drove around many beautiful lakes which reflected their surroundings.
The street corner where Grand Duke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated by the 19 year old Gavrilo Princip. this event was widely believed to precipitate World War 1.
We visited the Mosque that was built in 1553 after the Ottomans invaded.
Inside the Mosque. Many if the carpets here are 500 to 600 years old and used daily.
Inside the Synagogue built in 1538.
Our city guide Ziad who has been doing the job for 26 years. firstly as a Communist guide then for German visitors and now in English. He is a font of information.
The library which lost 2 000 000 books during the war.
Friday 19 September, we took the short trip to the Serb Republic which is just near the airport to see the Tunnel. The tunnel was built in an old farmhouse on the edge of the airport then under the runway to an apartment just on the other side. The Serbian Army (The Yugoslavian National Army had surrounded the town except for the airport which was controlled by the UN. In 1 452 days of siege 10% of the population (11 451 people) died while under the overview of the UN.
Map showing the Siege of Sarajevo for 4 years from 1992 to 1995
The farmhouse which hid one end of the tunnel on the northern side of the runway of the airport.
All weapons, some food and power were bought into Sarajevo through this tunnel.
Steps down into the tunnel. The tunnel had an average height of 1.6 metres and often filled with water.
Ottoman Fort from the 1400s.
Mountainous terrain on the road from Sarajevo ( Bosnia Herzegovina) to Dubrovnik (Croatia).
Bosnia under the Dayton Agreement that ended the war was given access to the sea with 20 km of coastline. The town of Neum is the town in this area.
Colleen is surveying the coastline.
After going through two borders during the day we reached Dubrovnik in Croatia. Short journey but different currencies. Bosnia uses the Bosnian Mark and Croatia uses the Kuna.